Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Of


Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl Of
(1694-1773)
   Educated privately, then at Trinity Hall, Cambridge, he became a member of Parliament, distinguished statesman, diplomat and ambassador to the Hague. In 1715 he was appointed gentleman of the bedchamber to George, prince of Wales (later George II). He negotiated the marriage of William, prince of Orange, with Anne, princess royal of England. He was the patron of many struggling authors. Dickens caricatured him as Sir John Chester in Barnaby Rudge (1841). He is the author of several literary criticisms. Some of his poems: "Advice to a Lady in Autumn," "On Lord Ila's Improvements, near Hounslow Heath," "On Miss Eleanor Ambrose, a Celebrated Beauty in Dublin," "Verses Written in a Lady's Sherlock 'Upon Death.'"
   Sources: Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition, 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Faber Book of Useful Verse. Simon Brett, ed. Faber and Faber, 1981. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.

British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. . 2015.

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  • Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of — (1694 1773)    Statesman and letter writer, was the eldest s. of the 3rd Earl. After being at Trinity Coll., Camb., he sat in the House of Commons until his accession to the peerage in 1726. He filled many high offices, including those of… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Chesterfield, Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th earl of — ▪ English writer born Sept. 22, 1694, London died March 24, 1773, London  British statesman, diplomat, and wit, chiefly remembered as the author of Letters to His Son and Letters to His Godson guides to manners, the art of pleasing, and the art… …   Universalium

  • Philip Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield — Philip Lord Chesterfield Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of Chesterfield PC KG (22 September 1694 – 24 March 1773) was a British statesman and man of letters. A Whig, Lord Stanhope, as he was known until his father s death in 1726, was born in… …   Wikipedia

  • Philip Stanhope, 3rd Earl of Chesterfield — (February 3, 1673 ndash; January 27, 1726) was an English nobleman, the eldest son of Philip Stanhope, 2nd Earl of Chesterfield, by his third wife, the former Lady Elizabeth Dormer.In 1692, Stanhope married Lady Elizabeth Savile, daughter of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanhope — The name Stanhope can refer to many places, people, and things.Places* Stanhope, Victoria, Australia * Stanhope, Prince Edward Island, Canada * Stanhope, County Durham, England, UK * Stanhope, Kent, England, UK * Stanhope, Peeblesshire, Scotland …   Wikipedia

  • Chesterfield — /ches teuhr feeld /, n. Philip Dormer Stanhope /dawr meuhr stan euhp/, 4th Earl of, 1694 1773, British statesman and author. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom       town and borough (district), administrative and historic county of Derbyshire,… …   Universalium

  • chesterfield — /ches teuhr feeld /, n. 1. (sometimes cap.) a single or double breasted topcoat or overcoat with a fly front and a narrow velvet collar. 2. a large, overstuffed sofa or divan with a back and upholstered arms. 3. Chiefly Canadian. any large sofa… …   Universalium

  • Earl of Chesterfield — Earls of Chesterfield, in the County of Derby, was a title in the Peerage of England. It was created in 1628 for Philip Stanhope. He had already been created Baron Stanhope, of Shelford in the County of Nottingham, in 1616, also in the Peerage of …   Wikipedia

  • Chesterfield — Ches•ter•field [[t]ˈtʃɛs tərˌfild[/t]] n. big Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of, 1694–1773, British statesman and author Ches ter•field′i•an, adj …   From formal English to slang

  • Chesterfield — I. /ˈtʃɛstəfild/ (say chestuhfeeld) noun Philip Dormer Stanhope, 4th Earl of, 1694–1773, English statesman and author; renowned for his elegance and wit. II. /ˈtʃɛstəfild/ (say chestuhfeeld) noun a town in England, in eastern Derbyshire …   Australian English dictionary


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